The Hebrew Names for God in the Old Testament

 

Name

Meaning

Scripture Reference

Other comments

 

 

 

 

El

might, strength, power;  refers to gods, God, mighty men or angels

 

Basic prefix used for all names of God

El Echad

the One God 

Malachi 2:10

the Shema

El Hanne’eman

The Faithful God

Deuteronomy 7:9

From Aman=to support, nourish

El Emet

The God of Truth

Psalm 31:5

Firmness, faithfulness, reliability

El Tsaddik

The Righteous God

Isaiah 45:21

Just, righteous

El Shaddai

The All-sufficient God

Genesis 17:1 (48 times)

Shad=breast (Gen 49:25) YHVH given to Moses suggests God’s absolute self-sufficiency. In modern Judaism, acronym for Shome daltot Yisrael = Guardian of the doors of Israel; Most English translations: God Almighty, from root shadad=to overpower, destroy

El Elyon

The Most High God

Genesis 14:20

Psalm 9:2

Strength, sovereignty, supremacy

El Olam

The Everlasting God

Genesis 21:33

Psalm 90: 1 – 3

World, everlasting time or space

El Roi

The God who sees me

Genesis 16:13

Saw Hagar’s affliction

El Yeshurun

The God Jeshurun

Deuteronomy 32:15

Isaiah 44:2

God of the righteous people (Israel’s high calling)

El Gibbor

The Mighty God

Isaiah 9:6

Strong, mighty

El De’ot

The God of Knowledge

1 Samuel 2:3

Omniscient, knows all thing from beginning to end

El Haggadol

The Great God

Deuteronomy 10:17

Great, grand,  awesome

El Hakkavod

The God of Glory

Psalm 29:3

Kavod=glory, weight, honor

El Hakkadosh

The Holy God

Isaiah 5:16

Kaddosh=sacred, holy, set apart, utterly unique

El Hashamayim

The God of the Heavens

Psalm 136:26

Samayim=the abode of God

El Chaiyai

The God of my life

Psalm 42:8

Chaymin=life

El Channun

The Gracious God

Jonah 4:2

Chan=grace

El Yisrael

The God of Israel

Psalm 68:36

 

El Sali

God of my Strength

God of my Rock

Psalm 42:9

Sala=cliff, crag

El Rachum

The God of Compassion

Deuteronomy 4:31

Rechem=womb

El malei Rachamim

God full of mercy

**

All-merciful God

El Yeshuati

The God of my Salvation

Isaiah 12:2

Yeshuah=salvation, deliverance, victory

El Kanno

The jealous God

Exodus 20:5

Watches over us lovingly

El Hannora

The awesome God

Nehemiah 9:32

 

Immanuel

God is with us

Isaiah 7:14

 

               

** No Biblical reference for the actual wording (name), but it is the name of a prayer for the dead. It appeals to the “God full of mercy”, and is based on numerous passages describing God’s mercy. Funeral services may include readings from Psalms 1, 23, 24, & 103; these would be the basis of the appeal to the God full of mercy.

Back to home page